Communicable disease is defined as "illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products that arises through transmission of that agent or its products from an infected person, animal, or reservoir to a susceptible host, either directly or indirectly through an intermediate plant or animal host, vector, or the inanimate environment." Communicable disease pathogens include bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and prions.
Communicable diseases can have a significant impact on the population. The surveillance and control of such diseases is an important part of protecting the public's health. The Communicable Disease program primarily deals with infectious diseases that are reportable by law.
The program also deals with other communicable diseases of public health significance, such as:
For additional information please visit the NC Communicable Disease website.
The program responsibilities include:
Rabies is a vaccine preventable disease in humans, dogs, cats and ferrets as well as some domestic livestock. All mammals are susceptible to rabies and it is nearly always fatal. Rabies can be prevented in humans with timely and appropriate treatment. In North Carolina the disease most often occurs in wild animals especially skunks, raccoons, bats and foxes. Raccoon rabies is present in the raccoon population in virtually every North Carolina county. For additional information on Rabies please visit:
STD and HIV prevention and control services includes providing clinical services, education and awareness efforts and monitoring disease trends through surveillance and epidemiology. STD Clinic provides testing, treatment and education at no cost to the client for:
Our Immunization Clinic provides vaccines to people of all ages, including those traveling internationally. Public Health offers vaccines for preventable diseases to reduce the spread of vaccine-preventable diseases within Union County. The following vaccines are offered through our immunization clinic:
In addition to vaccines, Blood Titer testing is available for the following:
With the mission of public health to promote health, prevent disease and protect the community, International Travel Immunizations allow us to assist those traveling internationally the opportunity for disease protection. A Registered Nurse will review travel itinerary, provide immunization education and vaccination(s). A Vaccination record will be provided to you for your records.
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Sex Offenders threaten the safety of our community and all of our citizens, particularly the most vulnerable - our children. The Union County Sheriff's Office works closely with the community we serve, as well as local agencies dedicated to the well-being of our citizens. We recognize, however, that we cannot - in isolation - take on the job of protecting our citizens from sex offenders. Because we have limited resources, we must form a strong coalition of partners who share the same vision with regards to sex offender management.
The Union County Sheriff’s Office truly believes that education is critical to help the public recognize the danger of sex offenders who are known to us, but also those unknown to us. When possible, we work with schools, day care facilities, churches, etc. to help citizens, especially children, recognize the signs of abuse and what steps to take if abuse is detected. Helping children understand that concept is the first step in stopping the abuse.
We also provide user-friendly access to the North Carolina Sex Offender Registry via our website. As well, the Sheriff’s Office works regularly with our partners in the State and Federal Law Enforcement realm, specifically, the US Marshal's Service (the agency tasked with the enforcement of the Adam Walsh Act), the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the US Attorney’s Office for the Western District of North Carolina, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, North Carolina Office of Probation and Parole, and the Union County District Attorney’s Office. In addition to the four local police departments in Union County (Stallings, Waxhaw, Wingate and Marshville) the Sheriff’s Office maintains regular contact with the contiguous counties in both North and South Carolina and those jurisdictions to which offenders are moving to and counties from which offenders have come. Working together, we can make a difference in helping to keep our community safe.