Many types of businesses, jobs and professions are allowed to be conducted from a home in a residential zoning classification as long as they comply with the UDO’s “Home Occupation” regulations .
The home occupation regulations recognize two types of home-based businesses: rural and suburban. Rural home occupations are allowed only on RA-zoned parcels with a minimum area of 100,000 square feet (2.29 acres or more). Suburban home occupations are allowed to be conducted from a residential dwelling unit in any zoning districts that allows residential dwellings. The rules for rural home occupations are more permissive than those that apply to suburban home occupations, but both allow for many types of work to be conducted from the home. You can apply for a permit by either going online and completing a Suburban Home Occupation or Rural Home Occupation Permit, by downloading a form and submitting it at our office, or by completing a form at our office. The cost of the zoning portion of the permit is $40. Depending upon your type of home occupation there may be other fees. Contact our office for more information. Many types of businesses, jobs and professions are allowed to be conducted from a home in a residential zoning classification as long as they comply with the UDO’s "Home Occupation” regulations.
The zoning administrator is responsible for enforcement of the county’s development ordinance and investigating possible zoning and development violations. Contact the planning office if you need to report a possible violation. See the contact information at the bottom of this page. For violations related to building permits please contact Building Code Enforcement at 704-283-3549.
If your property is located in unincorporated Union County, you can find out the zoning by calling or visiting the county planning office or viewing the “County Zoning Map” on the GIS/Mapping Services page of the county’s GIS/Maps website. If your property is within a city, you will need to obtain zoning information from that city. Links to city webpages about development are listed under the dropdown option titled "How does zoning work?" on the Planning, Building & Development homepage.
Exemptions: Nonresidential uses that are expressly allowed in conjunction with residential uses (e.g., bed and breakfast uses and some form of day care) are not subject to home occupation regulations.
Allowed Uses: The home occupation regulations of this section establish performance standards for home occupations rather than limiting allowed uses to a specific list. Uses that comply with the regulations of this section are allowed as of right unless otherwise expressly stated.
Types of Home Occupations: Two types of home occupations are regulated under this section: (i) suburban home occupations and (ii) rural home occupations.
Home occupations that do not comply with all of the suburban home occupation regulations of §35.040-E but that do comply with all of the regulations of this subsection are permitted in conjunction with any allowed principal residential use on RA-zoned lot of at least 100,000 square feet in area.
It is very important to determine whether your property is located in unincorporated Union County or in one of the many cities in the county, such as Monroe, Indian Trail, or Stallings. Each jurisdiction has different rules for building, developing property and opening a business. To find out whether your property is located in the county or a city you should call or stop by the Union County Planning Office or view your property using the online GIS(GoMaps) on the GIS/Mapping Services page of the county’s website.
To determine the uses allowed on property, first find out the zoning of the property (see above). Then refer to Article 25 of the Development Ordinance, where you will find a table showing the county zoning districts and the uses allowed in each.
The zoning administrator is responsible for enforcement of the county’s development ordinance and investigating possible violations. Contact the planning office if you need to report a possible violation. Pursuant to Section 95.030A, upon receipt of a written complaint, the administrator must investigate the complaint and determine whether a violation exists.
Jim King, AICP, CZO
Senior Planner / Zoning Administrator
500 N. Main St., Ste 70
Monroe, NC 28112